Chloroquine has been extensively used in mass drug administrations, which may have contributed to the emergence and spread of resistance. It is recommended to check if chloroquine is still effective in the region prior to using it. Plaquenil itchy rash Plaquenil easy bruising Effects of chloroquine on the liver Plaquenil side effects diarrhea Another autophagy inhibitor that works in a similar way as chloroquine is bafilomycin A1. Bafilomycin block the fusion between autophagosomes and lysosomes by inhibiting vacuolar H+ ATPase. Autophagy inhibition by chloroquine pre-treatment sensitized cell viability of A549 cells towards artemisinin. • Autophagy inhibition by chloroquine increased AVOs accumulation, decreased MMP and consequently increased ROS. • Chloroquine pre-treatment also sensitized different cancer cells towards artemisinin. The autophagy inhibitor chloroquine targets cancer stem cells in triple negative breast cancer by inducing mitochondrial damage and impairing DNA break repair. Cancer Lett. 2016;39–58. CAS The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend against treatment of malaria with chloroquine alone due to more effective combinations. In areas where resistance is present, other antimalarials, such as mefloquine or atovaquone, may be used instead. Autophagy inhibitors chloroquine Chloroquine diphosphate Autophagy Inhibitor MedChemExpress, Inhibition of autophagy by chloroquine potentiates. Hydroxychloroquine 200 mg daily Inhibition of autophagy with either chloroquine or ATG5 short hairpin RNA shRNA enhanced the ability of either p53 activation or alkylating drug therapy to induce tumor cell death. These studies provide evidence that autophagy serves as a survival pathway in tumor cells treated with apoptosis activators and a rationale for the use of autophagy inhibitors such as chloroquine in combination with therapies designed to induce apoptosis in human cancers. JCI - Autophagy inhibition enhances therapy-induced apoptosis.. IITZ-01, a novel potent lysosomotropic autophagy inhibitor.. Autophagy inhibitor chloroquine increases sensitivity to.. Jun 16, 2017 3. New Potent Autophagy Inhibitors. HCQ is the only clinically-approved autophagy inhibitor, but the pharmacodynamic studies indicate that higher doses of HCQ up to 1200 mg/d produce only modest inhibition in vivo and can be inconsistent. Autophagy is involved in the pathophysiology of numerous diseases and its modulation is beneficial for the outcome of numerous specific diseases. Several lysosomal inhibitors such as bafilomycin A1 BafA1, protease inhibitors and chloroquine CQ, have been used interchangeably to block autophagy in in vitro experiments assuming that they all primarily block lysosomal degradation. Chloroquine phosphate autophagy inhibitor 1 Frieboes et al. 2014, Chloroquine-mediated cell death in metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. 2 Jiang et al. 2010, Antitumor and antimetastatic activities of chloroquine diphosphate in. 3 Choi et al. 2014, Chloroquine eliminates cancer.